THE CROP OR THE FULL-FRAME
Some people believe that the full-frame cameras surpass "the cropped" in all respects. The full-frame matrix provides better picture detail, gives smooth transitions in semitones zone and so on. Photographers invest thousands of dollars into their cameras and optics. Is it true that a professional photographer can`t cope without a full frame?
First, we will say a few words about the full-frame and "the cropped" matrix. Full-frame cameras have the matrix of the same size as in a 35mm film camera (24 x 36 mm).
"The cropped" matrix most of all is in the 1.5-1.6 times smaller than a full frame.
The beginning photographers often think that if they buy an expensive full-frame camera, they will automatically receive a masterpiece. However, as we know, button "masterpiece" doesn`t exist in the cameras. Therefore, in order to create it, we must work long and hard.
One of the most important advantages of the full-frame matrix is the ability to produce higher-quality and sharp images at high ISO. The large full-frame photo allows you to fit more photocells. This affects the perception of the luminous flux. That is why, when the camera with "the cropped" matrix and with the full-frame matrix have the same number of megapixels, the last one will give a picture with higher quality in several times. You shouldn`t be afraid of raising the ISO – the image won`t "noise".
With the reduction of the matrix, we notice the effect of the increasing the focal length. A sensor array captures a smaller area of the image that is why it will look as you use a lens with a long focal length. For example, if you shoot using the 50-mm lens at 1.5 CROP, you will get such a photo, as shooting 75-mm lens on a full frame.
However, you shouldn`t consider this as an advantage or a disadvantage - it depends on the task you set for yourself: zooming an object or shooting at wide angle.
Full-frame gives the smaller depth of a harshness, compared with "the cropped", a better image detail, provides a wider dynamic range due to greater number of light-sensitive elements.
However, there is one "but". In the full-frame you can`t use the old, cheap lenses, and lenses for "the cropped" cameras. You won`t get the expected quality of the image. So, buying a full-frame, you must be prepared for spending money on the expensive optics. You won`t be able to save by screwing the old manual or kit lens. In addition, for full-frame cameras exists a limited selection of lenses, that can`t be said about "the cropped". But the "full-frame" optics will give the image, which you won`t be able to receive, using "the cropped" cameras.
The choice always depends on the photographer. If you just start working in this field, you shouldn`t spend a lot of money in order to buy an expensive equipment. If you are a professional, during the transition to the full-frame photos, you will also have to "sharpen" the shooting techniques. Moreover, the most important is not to forget that a person takes pictures, not the camera.
We wish you to take the beautiful pictures!